Short Synopsis: Given the lack of scientific evidence for the efficacy of behavioural modification using shock collars, particularly in the long term, in addition to the potential for mistakes or deliberate abuse and the difficulty in correcting such errors, the widespread use of these devices must be carefully considered.
Authors: Emily Blackwell and Rachel Casey
Publication: BMC Veterinary Research 8(1):93
Publication Date: 2006
Applies To: E-collars
Sample Size: Literature review