Short Synopsis: Lots of dogs get scared at the vet. Many commonsense recommendations seem obvious, but don’t have research behind them. The study points out that there’s insufficient evidence behind DAP as an effective fear reducer overall. Some studies suggest that chemical restraint may be less stressful for dogs than physical restraint. Though training dogs to enjoy car rides and wearing muzzles might help reduce trigger stacking, there’s little evidence that these measures help dogs feel less stressed at the vet’s overall.
Authors: Petra T. Edwards, Bradley P. Smith, Michelle L. McArthur, Susan J. Hazel
Publication: Applied Animal Behavior Science
Publication Date: February 2019
Applies To: Reducing fear in veterinary situations
Sample Size: Literature review
Limitations/Drawbacks: Literature review