Fearful Fido: Investigating dog experience in the veterinary context in an effort to reduce distress Author links open overlay panel

Short Synopsis: Lots of dogs get scared at the vet. Many commonsense recommendations seem obvious, but don’t have research behind them. The study points out that there’s insufficient evidence behind DAP as an effective fear reducer overall. Some studies suggest that chemical restraint may be less stressful for dogs than physical restraint. Though training dogs to enjoy car rides and wearing …

The effect of a pressure wrap (ThunderShirt®) on heart rate and behavior in canines diagnosed with anxiety disorder

Short Synopsis: 90 dogs with diagnosed anxiety disorders were split into 3 groups: proper Thundershirt wrap, loose wrap, and no wrap. Thundershirts, when properly applied, helped lower heart rate and reduce visible calming signals in a group of dogs diagnosed with anxiety disorders, but didn’t show an improvement in overall behavioral outcomes. Authors:Camille King, Laurie Buffington, Thomas J.Smith, TempleGrandin Publication: Journal …

The effects of using aversive training methods in dogs—A review

Short Synopsis: “The results show that using aversive training methods (e.g., positive punishment and negative reinforcement) can jeopardize both the physical and mental health of dogs. In addition, although positive punishment can be effective, there is no evidence that it is more effective than positive reinforcement–based training. In fact, there is some evidence that the opposite is true.” – quote from …

Do aversive-based training methods actually compromise dog welfare?: A literature review

Short Synopsis: Aversive-based methods are correlated with indicators of compromised welfare in dogs. The reviewed studies have a number of limitations. Further studies are needed to draw strong conclusions on the topic. Authors: Joana Guilherme Fernandes, Anna S.Olsson, Ana Catarina Vieira de Castro Publication: Applied Animal Behaviour Science Volume 196, Pages 1-12 Publication Date: November 2017 Applies To: training methodology Sample Size: literature …

Barriers to the adoption of humane dog training methods

Short Synopsis: Lack of knowledge of the welfare risks, the poor quality of much information available to dog owners (should they seek it out), lack of regulation of dog trainers, and theoretical and practical knowledge of dog training will all affect people’s choice of method. Authors: Zazie Todd Publication: Journal of Veterinary Behavior Volume 25, Pages 28-34 Publication Date: June 2018 Applies To: …

Can clicker training facilitate conditioning in dogs?

Short Synopsis: Clicker training and vocal markers were no more effective than food alone in teaching dogs to life a bread box handle Authors:Cinzia Chiandetti, Silvia Avellaa, Erica Fongaroa, Francesco Cerri Publication:  Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Volume 184, Pages 109-116 Publication Date: November 2016 Applies To: Clicker training, vocal markers Sample Size: 51 dogs Limitations/Drawbacks: Studied a single, relatively simple behavior – wonder if results …

The relationship between number of training sessions per week and learning in dogs

Short Synopsis:Dogs trained 5x/week needed MORE training sessions to learn a skill than dogs trained 1x/week. Authors: Iben Meyer, Jan Ladewig Publication: Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Volume 111, Issues 3–4, Pages 311-320 Publication Date: June 2008 Applies To: Training sessions Sample Size: 18 dogs Limitations/Drawbacks: Only 9 dogs per group, lab dogs. Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0168159107001943

Should old dog trainers learn new tricks? The efficiency of the Do as I do method and shaping/clicker training method to train dogs

Short Synopsis: Clicker and “Do as I do” performed similarly on simple tasks, but “Do as I do” outperformed clicker training on complex tasks and sequences. Authors: Claudia Fugazza, Ádám Miklósi Publication: Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Volume 153, Pages 53-61 Publication Date: April 2014 Applies To: Training methodology, clicker training versus Do as I Do Sample Size: 30 dogs Limitations/Drawbacks: Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0168159114000264

Effects of 2 training methods on stress-related behaviors of the dog (Canis familiaris) and on the dog–owner relationship

Short Synopsis: Dogs trained with positive reinforcement were more attentive to owners, while dogs trained with negative reinforcement displayed lowered body postures and stress signals. The study compared dogs trained at two different obedience schools in a novel environment. Authors: Stéphanie Deldalle and Florence Gaunet Publication: Journal of Veterinary Behavior, Volume 9, Issue 2, March–April 2014, Pages 58-65 Publication Date: March/April 2014 …

Military Veterans and their PTSD Service Dogs: Associations between Training Methods, PTSD Severity, Dog Behavior, and the Human-Animal Bond

Short Synopsis: 111 veterans with PTSD service dogs were asked about how they trained and interacted with their service dogs. The training was divided into five categories: “positive reinforcement (e.g. physical praise), negative punishment (e.g. ignoring the dog), positive punishment (e.g. verbal correction), dominance (e.g. alpha roll), and bond-based (e.g. co-sleeping).” More positive punishment correlated with less closeness, more fear, less …