The effects of using aversive training methods in dogs—A review

Short Synopsis: “The results show that using aversive training methods (e.g., positive punishment and negative reinforcement) can jeopardize both the physical and mental health of dogs. In addition, although positive punishment can be effective, there is no evidence that it is more effective than positive reinforcement–based training. In fact, there is some evidence that the opposite is true.” – quote from …

Do aversive-based training methods actually compromise dog welfare?: A literature review

Short Synopsis: Aversive-based methods are correlated with indicators of compromised welfare in dogs. The reviewed studies have a number of limitations. Further studies are needed to draw strong conclusions on the topic. Authors: Joana Guilherme Fernandes, Anna S.Olsson, Ana Catarina Vieira de Castro Publication: Applied Animal Behaviour Science Volume 196, Pages 1-12 Publication Date: November 2017 Applies To: training methodology Sample Size: literature …

Barriers to the adoption of humane dog training methods

Short Synopsis: Lack of knowledge of the welfare risks, the poor quality of much information available to dog owners (should they seek it out), lack of regulation of dog trainers, and theoretical and practical knowledge of dog training will all affect people’s choice of method. Authors: Zazie Todd Publication: Journal of Veterinary Behavior Volume 25, Pages 28-34 Publication Date: June 2018 Applies To: …

Can clicker training facilitate conditioning in dogs?

Short Synopsis: Clicker training and vocal markers were no more effective than food alone in teaching dogs to life a bread box handle Authors:Cinzia Chiandetti, Silvia Avellaa, Erica Fongaroa, Francesco Cerri Publication:  Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Volume 184, Pages 109-116 Publication Date: November 2016 Applies To: Clicker training, vocal markers Sample Size: 51 dogs Limitations/Drawbacks: Studied a single, relatively simple behavior – wonder if results …

The relationship between number of training sessions per week and learning in dogs

Short Synopsis:Dogs trained 5x/week needed MORE training sessions to learn a skill than dogs trained 1x/week. Authors: Iben Meyer, Jan Ladewig Publication: Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Volume 111, Issues 3–4, Pages 311-320 Publication Date: June 2008 Applies To: Training sessions Sample Size: 18 dogs Limitations/Drawbacks: Only 9 dogs per group, lab dogs. Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0168159107001943

Should old dog trainers learn new tricks? The efficiency of the Do as I do method and shaping/clicker training method to train dogs

Short Synopsis: Clicker and “Do as I do” performed similarly on simple tasks, but “Do as I do” outperformed clicker training on complex tasks and sequences. Authors: Claudia Fugazza, Ádám Miklósi Publication: Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Volume 153, Pages 53-61 Publication Date: April 2014 Applies To: Training methodology, clicker training versus Do as I Do Sample Size: 30 dogs Limitations/Drawbacks: Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0168159114000264

Effects of 2 training methods on stress-related behaviors of the dog (Canis familiaris) and on the dog–owner relationship

Short Synopsis: Dogs trained with positive reinforcement were more attentive to owners, while dogs trained with negative reinforcement displayed lowered body postures and stress signals. The study compared dogs trained at two different obedience schools in a novel environment. Authors: Stéphanie Deldalle and Florence Gaunet Publication: Journal of Veterinary Behavior, Volume 9, Issue 2, March–April 2014, Pages 58-65 Publication Date: March/April 2014 …

Military Veterans and their PTSD Service Dogs: Associations between Training Methods, PTSD Severity, Dog Behavior, and the Human-Animal Bond

Short Synopsis: 111 veterans with PTSD service dogs were asked about how they trained and interacted with their service dogs. The training was divided into five categories: “positive reinforcement (e.g. physical praise), negative punishment (e.g. ignoring the dog), positive punishment (e.g. verbal correction), dominance (e.g. alpha roll), and bond-based (e.g. co-sleeping).” More positive punishment correlated with less closeness, more fear, less …

Comparison of learning effects and stress between 3 different training methods (electronic training collar, pinch collar and quitting signal) in Belgian Malinois Police Dogs

Short Synopsis: “The electronic training collar induced less stress and had stronger learning effect in comparison pinch collars or quitting signals. It was also noted that quitting signal was markedly stressful in dogs. In the present study, however, theoretical and practical knowledge of each dog trainer could not be achieved during the assessment of pinch collar as well as quitting signal. Therefore, …

The use of shock collars and their impact on the welfare of dogs: A review of the current literature

Short Synopsis: Given the lack of scientific evidence for the efficacy of behavioural modification using shock collars, particularly in the long term, in addition to the potential for mistakes or deliberate abuse and the difficulty in correcting such errors, the widespread use of these devices must be carefully considered. Authors: Emily Blackwell and Rachel Casey Publication: BMC Veterinary Research 8(1):93 Publication Date: …