The effects of using aversive training methods in dogs—A review

Short Synopsis: “The results show that using aversive training methods (e.g., positive punishment and negative reinforcement) can jeopardize both the physical and mental health of dogs. In addition, although positive punishment can be effective, there is no evidence that it is more effective than positive reinforcement–based training. In fact, there is some evidence that the opposite is true.” – quote from article

Authors: Gal Ziv

Publication: Journal of Veterinary Behavior, Volume 19, Pages 50-60

Publication Date: June 2017

Applies To: Training methodology

Sample Size: literature review of 17 studies

Limitations/Drawbacks: “A few methodological concerns arose from the reviewed studies. Among them are small sample sizes, missing data on effect size, possible bias when coding behavior in observational studies, and the need to publish case reports of bodily damage caused by aversive training methods.” – quote

Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1558787817300357

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