Short Synopsis: Aversive-based methods are correlated with indicators of compromised welfare in dogs. The reviewed studies have a number of limitations. Further studies are needed to draw strong conclusions on the topic.
Authors: Joana Guilherme Fernandes, Anna S.Olsson, Ana Catarina Vieira de Castro
Publication: Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 196, Pages 1-12
Publication Date: November 2017
Applies To: training methodology
Sample Size: literature review
Limitations/Drawbacks: “First, a considerable proportion of the studies relied upon surveys rather than on objective measures. Second, they focused on sub-populations of police and laboratory dogs and, thus, only represent a small portion of dogs undergoing training. Finally, the empirical studies have concentrated mainly on the effects of shock-collar training, which is only one of several tools used in aversive-based training, and, in some studies, the description of the training methodologies lacks details.” (quote)