Effects of maternal investment, temperament, and cognition on guide dog success

Short Synopsis: This study followed 98 puppies from birth through adulthood. The researchers found that mother dogs who spent more time caring for the puppies raised puppies that were more likely to flunk out of the program. Mothers whose nursing style required more work from the puppies (vertical or standing nursing) raised puppies that were more likely to succeed. Young adult …

The influence of maternal care on stress-related behaviors in domestic dogs: What can we learn from the rodent literature?

Short Synopsis: This paper looks at existing literature about puppy raising and also supplemental literature about how rodents raise their pups to extrapolate to dogs. Rodent mothers that show less licking, grooming, and arch-backed nursing have pups with an increased stress response thanks to a change in their HPA axis. Arch-Backed nursing is considered ideal. Licking and grooming in rodents also …

Levels of maternal care in dogs affect adult offspring temperament

Short Synopsis: Researchers observed how mother dogs interacted with their puppies for 3 weeks after the puppies were born. The researchers categorized the interactions based on how much time the mother dogs attended to their puppies and spent close to them. Mother dogs were consistent with how they interacted with the litters. Each mother dog was also different from the others. …

Prevalence of owner-reported behaviours in dogs separated from the litter at two different ages

Short Synopsis: Puppies separated from their litter at 30-40 (4-5 weeks) days were far more likely than puppies separated from their litter at 60 (8.5 weeks) days to exhibit behaviors including destructiveness, excessive barking, fearfulness on walks, reactivity to noises, toy possessiveness, food possessiveness, and attention-seeking. Correlations were stronger with puppies that were younger, and especially if they came from a …

Owner-reported aggressive behavior towards familiar people may be a more prominent occurrence in pet shop-traded dogs

Short Synopsis: Owner-directed aggression, house soiling, body licking, and separation-related behavior were all more common in pet store puppies than breeder puppies. Authors: Federica Pirronea, Ludovica Pierantoni, Giovanni Quintavalle Pastorino, Mariangela Albertini Publication: Journal of Veterinary Behavior, Volume 11, January–February 2016, Pages 13-17 Publication Date: February 2016 Applies To: Behavior problems in pet store puppies. Limitations/Drawbacks: Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1558787815001975